How to manage atopic dermatitis in kids?
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory condition with periods when it will flare. A large number of children are affected by this condition and its treatment generally causes significant anxiety for parents.
A visit to a pharmacist can be a good starting point for parent’s feeling desperate for information. Pharmacists, as primary care providers, are in a prime position to support both parents and physicians as trusted and easily accessible members of the health care team in the management of AD with pharmacist-led educational sessions being beneficial for parents.
Eczema treatments falls into two categories: Preventative and Relieving.
Preventative treatments are every day treatments and lifestyle changes including the avoidance of triggers. Regardless of the presence or absence of eczema, preventative treatments are ongoing.
Relieving treatments should be started as soon as there is a flare, such as increasing erythema and itch, and stopped when the symptoms are controlled. In severe cases, the flaring treatment may include the use of a topical steroid.
Some tips to which a pharmacist may share with parents:
- Effective emollient regimens are the mainstay of atopic dermatitis management. Emollients with soothing properties are the preferred option.
- Effective and regular use of emollients has been found to decrease the need for topical corticosteroids.
- One reason for treatment failure with topical corticosteroids is not addressing general measures in AD management including correct emollient use.
- Emollients hydrate the epidermis by providing an occlusive layer and reducing evaporation.
- Adequate rehydration preserves the stratum corneum barrier, minimizing the direct effects of irritants and allergens on the skin and maximizing the effect of topically applied therapies.
The Little Bodies Eczema management range includes a preventer, a reliever and a lifestyle component in the form of a wash and shampoo.
Pharmacist and Group Technical Manager, Little Bodies